Most crashes between people bicycling and motorized traffic occurs at intersections. Focusing design strategies on the intersection to minimize exposure and risk from vehicles is key to improving safety and comfort for bicyclists.
The intersections treatments that best support safety and comfort will vary depending on the bikeway design and roadway cross section, adjacent land uses, and expected movements through the intersection. Even with a single bicycle facility type, intersection design best practices will vary depending on whether the intersection is a major intersection with high traffic volumes, or a minor intersection with low volumes. See Figure 3.7E.1 for guidance on what intersection treatments to pursue at major and minor intersections depending on bicycle facility type.